Notes and Rests
- Sound – Sound is a product of a Vibrating Object. The Vibrations are transmitted through the air (or water).
- Frequencies – Frequency in Sound is the Speed of the Vibrations being transmitted. Frequency determines the Pitch.
- Pitch – The Highness or Lowness of a Sound or Tone.
- Sound Wave – A measurable Wave of Vibration (sound) emitting from a vibrating object (an Instrument).
- Amplitude – The size of the Vibration.
- Vibration of a Sound is measured in Cycles Per Second (Hertz). Hz
- People can hear frequencies in the approximate range of 20 to 20,000 hertz.
- Note – A sound or tone played on a musical instrument.
- Staff – Five Lines and four spaces where notes are placed. The Staff shows the Pitch of the Notes.
Notes on the Staff
- A Whole Note – is equal to 4 Quarter Notes. A Whole Note makes a constant Tone over 4 Beats (4 Quarter Notes). Looks like a circle.
- Half Note – is equal to 2 Quarter Notes in Duration or half a Whole Note.
- Quarter Note – is half the duration of a Half Note. Looks like a small Circle with a Stem.
- Eighth Note – 1/2 Quarter Note in duration. Eighth Notes are counted out loud as 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & ( “one and two and three and four and” ) in 4/4 Time Signature. Eighth Notes have 1 Flag at the end of it, the flag attaches to a pair of 8th Notes.
- Sixteenth Note – 1/2 an 8th Note in sound duration. Sixteenth Notes are counted out loud as “1 e & a 2 e & a 3 e & a 4 e & a”. Pronounced: “one ee and uh two ee and uh three ee and uh four ee and uh” in 4/4 Time Signature. Sixteenth Notes have 2 Flags that attach four 16th notes in a row.
- Thirty Second Notes – 1/2 a Sixteenth Note in Duration. Thirty Second Notes have 3 Flags that attach eight 32nd Notes in a row.
- Sixty Fourth (64th Notes) – are 1/2 a 32nd Note in duration (played really fast). Sixty Fourth Notes have 4 Flags that attach Sixteen 64th notes in a row.
- Rhythm – Term that applies to all aspects of time in a piece of music. How short or long a duration of notes is described as Rhythm.
- Tempo – used to describe how fast or slow the Rhythm of a piece of music is. Tempo is measured as BPM (Beats Per Minute).
- Tempo is how fast or slow you play the note values.
- Rest – A duration of Silence. The musician simply pauses and plays nothing.
- For every Note there is an equivalent Rest.
Vertically Stacked Notes (Multiple Notes Simultaneously)
- Vertically Stacked Notes are played simultaneously.
- A Guitarist can either Strum or Finger Pick the Notes. Technically Strumming (and sometimes Fingerpicking) does not precisely play the notes simultaneously, it is the character of the Guitar.
- In Guitar Music Notation, usually the Chord Name will be noted on top of the Stacked Notes. This is to make it easier while sight reading.