Guitar Notation and Dynamics
- Hammer On – the act of pressing down a finger very hard and very fast so that the fret note sounds out.
- Pull Off – the fretting hand finger pulls off the top of a string causing the string to vibrate and make sound.
Hammer Ons and Pull Offs (also designated by letters H for Hammer and P for Pull Off).
- Slide – holding the fretting finger down and keeping pressure on a string while sliding to the next note. After sliding to the next note the string is picked again. The sliding movement is audible.
- Legato Slide – Picking the first note, then sliding to the next note but not picking the next note.
- Tapping – using the strumming hand, a finger is pressed down behind a Fret very quickly. The force of the finger causes the Fretted Note to sound.
- Down Stroke or Downstroke – the act of striking or strumming the strings with a downward motion.
- Up Stroke – or Upstroke – the act of striking or strumming the strings with an upward motion.
- Vibrato – A Vibrato effect is moving the Pitch of the note up and Down quickly, either by using the Fretting Hand Fingers or the Guitar Tremolo.
Music Notation Dynamics
- Dynamic Signs state how loud or soft notes are played. You can listen to the Audio of the example.
- ppp = Pianississimo (Soft Whisper)
- pp = Pianissimo (Very Soft)
- P = Piano (Soft)
- mp = Mezzo Piano (moderate or moderate soft)
- mf = Mezzo Forte (moderate loud)
- f = Forte (loud)
- ff = Fortissimo (Very Loud)
- fff = (Very very Loud)